The End Times, The Book of Revelation, And Jesus’ Second Coming

This week I am wrapping up my Amarillo High School New Testament Bible Class and we have spent the last few days on the Book of Revelation. In order to give a meaningful and helpful overview I had to revisit several of my books and notes on this important and controversial last book of the Bible.

Apart from my favorite commentaries on Revelation, the reading I did that had the greatest impact upon me was a Christianity Today article from February of 1987. That article is more than 32 years old and is still as relevant today as it was then!

It was written by Kenneth S. Kantzer, a biblical scholar and editor of Christianity Today at the time. Three things he wrote in that two page article convicted, challenged, and encouraged me about the subject of the title of this post.

He began the tenth paragraph of his editorial with this observation: “Too often . . . Christians have allowed eschatology to divide them.” Of course, he was right then, and what he wrote then is still true today. Discussions about the end times, the book of Revelation, and Jesus’ second coming divide Christians today.

Too many of us are over confident and rigid about our understanding, interpretation, and position when it comes to the Bible’s teaching about these things. I admit I used to be one of those. I still believe what I teach about eschatology, but after all these years of reading, learning, and teaching I am less arrogant and overbearing when I discuss the end times, the book of Revelation, and Jesus’ second coming.

In going through my file of papers on the book of Revelation it was the title of Kantzer’s article that got my attention and then his closing point that most encouraged and challenged me. The title of the article is quite simple: “Agreement Is Not Required.” I only wish he had added one word and made it “Total Agreement Is Not Required.”

In the final part of the article, entitled “A plea for unity,” Kantzer suggests the greatest strength of all the different millennial views “is their common allegiance to Jesus Christ as the Lord of history.” Then he continues, “God has a goal for this planet as well as for individuals. Human life is neither aimless nor determined by evil powers that can destroy us. God is sovereign. History has meaning. And God is working through it to achieve the goals from which he has never deviated.” I hope all Christians can agree on these powerful affirmations regardless of their specific positions, interpretations, and understandings of Jesus’ Second Coming, the Book of Revelation, and the End Times.

Continue to read about, study, and discuss these important subjects; and do so with commitment, humility, respect, and grace.

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As the title of this post suggests, I want to ask readers and myself a question. And the way I am using the first person plural pronoun is not “the royal we.” The royal we is usage of the plural by royalty (usually the king or queen) to refer to one person. My usage of “we” refers to all of us.

Last night in preparing for my high school Bible class I read through the New Testament letter of I Peter. And as many times as I have read it before, I never noticed that each of the five chapters has a similar instruction and challenge for fellow believers in the church. The more I have thought about these verses, it seems to me they are pertinent not just with fellow believers in the church, but to a variety of groups both in the church and beyond.

Here are the verses:

I Peter 1:22, “Now that you have purified yourselves by obeying the truth so that you have sincere love for each other, love one another deeply, from the heart.”

I Peter 2:17b, “Show proper respect to everyone, love the family of believers.”

I Peter 3:8, “Finally, all of you, be like-minded, be sympathetic, love one another, be compassionate and humble.”

I Peter 4:8, “Above all, love each other deeply, because love covers over a multitude of sins.”

I Peter 5:5b, “All of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another.”

Those are some powerful notes of challenge and instruction, aren’t they? Not only that, wouldn’t you agree they should not be limited to Christians and church members?

I not only want to treat my fellow church members like this; I also want to treat my extended family, my non-church going friends, the guys with whom I play golf, and lots of other people in my life. I hope as well that they too would treat me likewise.

Here’s why I think these five verses from the five chapters of I Peter raised the question in my mind, “How are we doing?” In general, I don’t think we are doing as well as we should be doing. Too many times I observe what appears to me as a lack of proper respect. Rather than clothing ourselves with humility and being humble, we are arrogant. And I note occasions where love does not cover wrongs, but grudges are held.

The question is “How are we doing?” and we includes me. I can do better, and my sense is so could everyone who reads this. I’m going to use my reading of I Peter last night, and noting the instruction and challenge, to be more intentional about putting it into practice. Perhaps you will join me?

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This past Friday’s USA Today’s headline “CONFESSING SOME DOUBT” got my attention and the sub-title State of the Catholic Church prompted me to read the lengthy article. The article was about Catholics’ responses to the sex abuse scandals by church leaders and the cover-ups that followed.

I am a Protestant Christian and not a Roman Catholic, but I am grieved and troubled by all that has been reported. It’s not just Catholic churches that have been in the  news; a number of Protestant churches also have been for the same kinds of misdeeds and more by their leaders. That troubles and grieves me too.

Early in the article the writers suggest “The U.S. Catholic Church is at a crossroads.” I cannot disagree with that, and I also think the same can be said about some Protestant denominations, some individual protestant churches, and quite a few members of both Catholic and Protestant churches.

Reading and considering the many quotations in the article from church goers, I think three words characterize most of them. As a long time Christian and pastor these three words also represent my response.

Clearly the great majority of both Catholic and Protestant church goers are disappointed. Who wouldn’t be? People whom we respected and looked up to let us down. Not only that, the response of some who were in positions to take action did not; and that also is disappointing.

Not only are most church goers disappointed, they are also concerned. And again, who wouldn’t be? There has been a loss of trust in priests and pastors and church leaders in general. One respondent lamented, “I felt so angry and betrayed.”  In terms of Catholics, a recent Gallup poll reported 37% are thinking of leaving the religion.

However, and not to put lipstick on a pig, even with their concern and disappointment, a lot of churchgoers are hopeful. One person who was interviewed noted “I’m not so disassociated that I am ready to walk away.” Another affirmed they “have not lost faith in God or the church.” And offering an important perspective, one church goer affirmed, “The church is not about [or focused on] the humanity of its individual actors, it’s focused on God.”

Perhaps in that last quotation there is a warning for us — while we should look up to and respect our church leaders, we should keep in mind the big picture. While we may wish it were not so, there will always be occasions and situations in which we are disappointed by pastors and church leaders.

Some readers will remember what Jesus said in Matthew 16:18 as he looked to the future: “I will build my church.” Jesus is building his church, and using his followers to do so. In reality it’s not the Catholic Church or the Protestant Church or any of the denominations; the church belongs to Jesus and not her leaders. As a matter of fact, he is the Lord of his church — and we should never forget that. There are no perfect churches, pastors, church leaders, or members; but the owner and builder of the church is perfect.

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In both of my part time jobs in retirement I am asked a lot of questions. I am honored to teach a Bible course at our local high school as well as serve as Pastor to Senior Adults at our church. My high school Bible class meets five days a week during the school year and in my church work I usually teach two or three Bible classes that meet once a week. With that much teaching it is no surprise that I am asked a lot of questions.

What surprises many of those in my classes is that my most frequent answer to questions is, “I don’t know.” That answer is not satisfying to many, but it is honest. I do know a lot about the Bible, but not as much as people think I should or as much as I would like. That’s why after all these years I continue to read the Bible as well as many books about the Bible as I can.

The reality is that there is a great deal about the Bible, God, and Christianity that we do not know or completely understand. It is also true that there is a lot about Christianity, God, and the Bible that we do know and understand. I try to keep both points in mind.

Theological schools and seminaries offer a couple of graduate degrees that when I read or hear about always bring a smile to my face. The standard seminary degree for many denominations for pastors is a Master of Divinity. Think about that: a master of Divinity. I like the degree, but I don’t think it is realistic. The other degree is a Master of Theology. Think about that: a master of Theology. Again, I like the degree, but it seems like an overstatement to me.

The last couple of weeks I have been reading a new book by Matthew Barrett entitled NONE GREATER: The Undomesticated Attributes of God. It’s not easy reading, but I am enjoying it. In the preface Barrett says he did not write the book “for scholars” but for “churchgoers, pastors, and beginning students” (xvii). While I am getting a lot out of it, and not surprising to me, there is a lot I don’t fully grasp. In this book about the attributes of God chapter one is about Incomprehensibility (which I understand) and chapter 5 is about Simplicity (which I don’t understand).

My quest to better understand God is not new to me. I just went to my bookshelf and noted four older books that have informed me through the years: Your God is too Small by J.B. Phillips (1952), The Knowledge of the Holy by A.W. Tozer (1961), Knowing God by J.I. Packer (1973), and small faith: GREAT GOD by N.T. Wright (Second Edition, 2010).

I’m uneasy with anyone who is unwilling to answer a question about God or the Bible with the acknowledgement “I don’t know.” Granted, there is a lot we do know, but also a lot we don’t know. Even when I answer a question I think I know, I want to display humility and never come across as arrogant.

After all the years of going to school and teaching and preaching about God and the Bible I don’t know it all, but I continue to learn and grow. I hope this post serves to challenge and encourage you in your journey.

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Isn’t it interesting that the Bible says virtually nothing about Saturday between Jesus’ crucifixion on Friday and his resurrection on Sunday?

The Sunday before is called “Palm Sunday,” Thursday that week is known as “Maundy Thursday,” the day on which Jesus was crucified is designated “Good Friday,” and the day of his resurrection is celebrated as “Easter Sunday.” But what about that Saturday between Good Friday and Easter Sunday?

In all my years of going to church, leading Holy Week services, teaching about the events, and rejoicing on Easter Sunday I have never thought much about the Saturday between Jesus’ Friday crucifixion and Sunday resurrection. That is, until last night.

This week I have been reading a devotional guide published by Christianity Today entitled “Journey to the Cross.” Last night I couldn’t go to sleep so I moved ahead in my reading to the devotional for Saturday. Written by A.J. Swoboda, its heading is “Waiting at the Tomb.”

Swoboda’s opening sentence grabbed my attention and held my interest through the three pages. He begins the short devotional with the acknowledgment: “I call it awkward Saturday.” I don’t think that description will become as well-known as the others, but I like it.

What were Jesus’ mother, disciples, and friends thinking and doing on that Saturday? Swoboda points out that we “look at Saturday through the lens of Sunday” (the resurrection), but they couldn’t.

Jesus, of course, had told his disciples more than once he would be killed but would rise again. You may want to take a few minutes and read Matthew 16:21, 17:22 and 23, and 20:17-19. In Luke’s report of Jesus’ third time telling them this he adds, “The disciples did not understand any of this. Its meaning was hidden from them, and they did not know what he was talking about” (Luke 18:31-34). Luke’s words are confirmed by the response of the disciples to the first reports that Jesus had been raised (Luke 24:11).

But what about Saturday? It is somewhat awkward, isn’t it? We can try, but we can’t really experience and feel what Jesus’ followers did on that Saturday. We know what was coming on Sunday, they didn’t. Swoboda suggests it was a day of waiting and ambiguity for them.

We can’t experience and feel what Jesus’ followers did on that Saturday, but we do know something about ambiguity and waiting in our lives. And that waiting and ambiguity tests our faith. During those times of Saturday disappointment, uncertainty, and holding on, don’t forget that after Saturday comes Sunday.

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I try to be open to learning from anyone I can. Just because I do not agree with someone on one issue or question does not mean I cannot benefit from hearing from them on something else.

The last several days in our nation’s political news there has a lot of discussion about former Vice President, and potential presidential candidate, Joe Biden. The issue raised is about what some see as inappropriate actions by Biden through the years with regard to multiple women.

For whatever it is worth, from what I have seen and read, I do not think the former Vice President is “a dirty old man” disrespecting women. My impression is, as others have said, that he is a warm and affectionate man. And in saying that I am not suggesting that women should not be uncomfortable or should be accepting of his actions.

Back to being open to learning from anyone, I was impressed by what Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi said about the situation: “I think that it’s important for the vice president and others to understand [that] it isn’t what you intended, it’s how it was received” (emphasis added). That’s not just an important reminder, to me it is also thoughtful, wise, and something worth keeping in mind.

Most of us have said and done things in our lives when what was received by others wasn’t what we intended. I’m reluctant to assign blame in such situations. And that’s why I think what Pelosi said is important and something we all need to understand as well as keep in mind.

Here’s what I want to do as a result of this discussion. I want to be more careful and thoughtful about how what I say or do may be received. I also want to be less thin-skinned and short-fused when it comes to the words and actions of others. Will you join me?

(My original title for this post was “Joe, Nancy, You, and Me,” but I thought that detracted from the seriousness of the subject.)

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This past weekend I preached about what is arguably Jesus’ best known parable. It’s usually called “The Parable of the Prodigal Son,” but it isn’t just about that character. Jesus’ story is about three main characters: a younger son, an older brother, and their father. (If you are unfamiliar with the account or would like to review the story it is in Luke 15:11- 32).

Most of the time when we study this parable the focus is on the younger son and the elder brother is minimally mentioned. As important as “The Prodigal Son” is, I think for Christians the older brother may be even more important.

In a nutshell, Jesus’ story is about the younger son leaving home, spending all his money, and deciding to return home. Upon his return his father runs out to meet and welcome him, and throws a party to celebrate his homecoming. Meanwhile, the older brother is working outside, hears the noise of the party, finds out his dad is celebrating the younger son’s return, and refuses to join the celebration. Dad goes out to talk to him and explains why he is doing what he is doing and affirms the older boy; but Jesus ends the story with the older brother outside (see verses 25-32).

The title for this post is my summary paraphrase of what the elder son said to his father in light of the welcome and celebration given to his younger brother. It’s as though he said to his dad, “he left and spent your money, came back home, and you throw him a party. I didn’t leave, but stayed here and worked for you. What about me?”

Some 40 years ago I went to a Bible study on this parable led by one of my favorite preachers, Bob Shannon. What follows about this elder brother is for the most part borrowed from him.

In reading Jesus’ description of the elder brother we can see some things that as Christians cannot be a part of our attitude and outlook.

The elder brother seems indifferent to his brother’s fate and his father’s grief before the younger son returned and his joy when he returned.

The elder brother seems to be blind to his privileges in the family and on the farm.

The elder brother seems self-righteous claiming to have never disobeyed his father’s orders (verse 29).

The elder brother is jealous that his erring brother has been welcomed home so joyfully and he will not go in and participate.

In verse 30 he seems to disown his younger brother when he says to his dad “this son of yours” and not “my brother.”

The elder brother is judgmental as he accuses his younger brother of spending his money on prostitutes (verse 30).

The first two verses of Luke 15 give the context of this parable. It seems obvious that the younger son represents “the tax collectors and sinners who were all gathering around to hear Jesus.” The older brother represents “the Pharisees and teachers of the law” who criticized Jesus for welcoming and eating with those kind of people. The father in the story represents God, our heavenly father.

Do you see any reflection of yourself in the elder brother, and are you honest enough to admit it? I confess, at times I do see myself in him.

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